Refik Anadol

Refik Anadol, born in Istanbul in 1985, studied photography, video and art in his native city and subsequently design and media art in Los Angeles. At present, Anadol is a lecturer of Design Media Arts at University of California. His works have been widely exhibited internationally and received numerous awards.


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Data and pixels, algorithms and calculations – these are the elements with which Refik Anadol creates his aesthetic data sculptures packed with surprising effects and flowing forms. Anadol is a pioneer in the field of Artificial Intelligence. He explores the boundaries of the imagination and uses state-of-the-art technologies to examine the perception and experience of space and time. In his works he brings to the fore immersive environments as well as a hybrid interplay of art, science and technology. Invisible data become visible to the human eye, offering a new narrative of the digitalised world.

The Kunstpalast presents Anadol’s monumental data sculpture “Machine Hallucinations – Satellite Simulations: B” dating from 2021. For this work, the artist used two million images captured and recorded by the International Space Station (ISS) and Hubble space telescopes as well as the Magdalena Ridge Observatory (MRO). GAN algorithms process these images, endowing them with a new aesthetic. A GAN (Generative Adversarial Network) is a machine learning framework which is able to generate new data autonomously by means of two competing artificial neuronal networks that are capable of learning from each other.

The curator of the exhibition is Alain Bieber, Head of Time-based Media at Kunstpalast, Düsseldorf.

The exhibition was made possible with the support of Art Collection Telekom and Refik Anadol Studio.

Refik Anadol, Machine Hallucinations - Satellite Simulations - B 01, © the artist and König Galerie Berlin, Seoul, Vienna

Accompanying programme (in German)

Public guided tours
Saturdays 2 pm , 11.3., 18.3., 25.3., 1.4., 8.4., 15.4., 22.4.2023
Duration: 60 minutes
Fee: 5 €
Tickets available in our shop soon

Talk: Digital Art for Beginners. Alain Bieber in conversation with Alina Fuchte and Dominik Bönisch
Thursday, 9.3.2023, 7 pm
Art has always been a mirror of the times. Alongside theme and content, technology, material and form of publication change. However, developments in the digital realm became so rapid that it is easy to lose track of them all. Based on Refik Anadol's works, Alain Bieber (curator of the exhibition), Alina Fuchte (project manager and Dominik Bönisch (head of the research project "Training the Archive") discuss fundamental questions: What is meant by digital art anyway? What is the difference between virtual and augmented reality? What are NFTs and why are they such popular investment objects? How is digitalisation changing the exhibition business? Will artificial intelligence replace human artists in the future?
Fee: 5 €
Venue: Robert Schumann Saal
Tickets available in our shop soon

Yoga for adults
Tuesdays, 14.3., 21.3., 28.3., 4.4., 11.4., 18.4.2023, 6.15 - 7.30 pm each
For the large data sculpture "Machine Hallucinations - Satellite Simulations: B" (2021), Refik Anadol had an artificial intelligence convert images from space telescopes into flowing streams of colour. The calm, hypnotic movements are ideal for yoga sessions directly in front of this artwork. The 75-minute sessions will be held under professional guidance outside regular opening hours by yoga teachers from the Mülheim studio Bliss Yoga. Everyone is welcome!
Fee: 20 €, single tickets available soon.

Yoga for children (7-11 years)
Sundays, 12.3., 19.3., 26.3., 2.4., 16.4.2023, each 10 - 11 a.m.
The flowing movements of Refik Anadol's artwork are ideal for yoga sessions directly in front of it. The 60-minute sessions, each suitable for children, will be held under professional guidance before regular opening hours by yoga teachers from the Mülheim studio Bliss Yoga. Please inform us in advance about any existing health problems or restrictions so that the yoga teachers can respond to them in the best possible way. Parents have the opportunity to have a coffee during this time.
Fee: free, single tickets available soon

Lectures at the snh-Planetarium "Stellarium Erkrath"
Beyond the visible - space telescopes
Saturday, 18.3., Friday, 31.3. and Saturday, 15.4.2023, each at 7.30 p.m.
Breathtaking images of planets, stars, nebulae and distant galaxies have made us marvel at the vastness of space for decades. We owe this to powerful instruments like the Hubble and James Webb telescopes, which have revolutionised our understanding of the universe. But how do they work, what is their history, what have they shown us and what have we learned from them? We will clarify these and other questions in a live moderated lecture with musically accompanied image sequences in 360°.
The event is a cooperation with the observatory Neanderhöhe Hochdahl e.V. in the context of the exhibition "Refik Anadol. Machine Hallucinations". One of the works shown in the exhibition is based on over two million images taken by space telescopes, which an algorithm processed into a new, independent work of art.
Venue: snh-Planetarium "Stellarium Erkrath", Bürgerhaus Hochdahl (West entrance), Sedentaler Straße 105, Erkrath-Hochdahl, Tel. 02104-947666 (Mon - Fri 9 am - 3 pm)
Duration: approx. 90 minutes, fee: 6/8 €
Reservation required:

Accompanying programme (in German)

Refik Anadol, Machine Hallucinations - Satellite Simulations - B 01, © the artist and König Galerie Berlin, Seoul, Vienna